A Review Paper on Air Pollution Engineering
Air pollution is an environmental and societal issue that has a wide range of negative consequences for human health and quality of life, ecosystem health, and climate change. Air pollutants are produced from a variety of natural and human sources, and they may travel great distances. Some air pollutants are highly persistent in the atmosphere and may build up in the environment and food chain, posing a threat to humans, animals, and natural biodiversity. Clearly, air pollution is a complicated issue that presents a number of difficulties in terms of management and pollution reduction. An effective response to the issues of air pollution requires a thorough understanding of the causes of pollution, as well as knowledge of current and future trends in air quality, as well as the effects on people and ecosystems. This chapter examines the complexity of air pollution and provides an overview of various technological procedures and equipment for air pollution management, as well as the fundamental principles that govern their operation. Only a combined effort of different scientific and technical disciplines, such as chemistry, physics, biology, medicine, chemical engineering, and social sciences, can address the issues of air pollution and other ecosystem protection. The majority of the engineering contribution is focused on the creation, design, and operation of equipment to reduce hazardous emissions into the environment.