Multifunctional Landscapes for Better Living Conditions and Ecosystem Services Provided by Forests

  • Dr Prafull Kumar


The scientific community is concerned about contemporary challenges affecting millions of people in food production and tropical forest conservation. In many parts of Asia, food insecurity is an issue owing to population and urbanisation, soil degradation, land salinization and global warming. An assessment of the literature on harvesting, forest use and landscape management for ecosystem services was carried out to see how Bangladeshi forest livelihoods and sustainability impact. A method of agricultural production that includes perennial timber species minimises land deterioration, improves local productivity and, if not all, reduces the level of degradation through interactions with trees, land, crops and livestock. The damaged territory might be recovered. It is possible. Bangladesh has a deforestation rate of 0.3% a year, which means that there will be little or no forestry in 20 years, endangering millions of lives. Will tougher forestry laws now assist to reduce deforestation and improve landscape management? In particular, agroforestry systems may supply food, nutrition, financial stability, environmental services and sustainable protection of biodiversity. In future studies agroforestry will demonstrate the requirement for the financial and institutional support of the State to become a successful self-sustaining company that integrates all such advantages instead of market orientation and evidence-based project interventions.