Concepts of Leadership and Transformation of Management Systems
Functionalist studies, which attempt to establish relationships between variables related to leadership, and interpretive studies, which attempt to trace the meaning-making mechanism associated with leadership are the two main approaches that have been used to develop narratives of leadership in the past. These methods are rejected by the academics, who want a new body of literature that takes a critical approach to leadership in its place. It is emphasised in this literature that the dialectics of power and resistance exist, as well as the ideological character of leadership. It does, however, offer a negative evaluation of leadership in the majority of instances. They think that this is valid and essential, but they believe that the agenda should be broadened to include other issues. They offer a performative criticism of leadership that places a focus on cautionary treatment, progressive pragmatism, and the pursuit of present opportunities. It is via the use of these methods that they are able to sketch out a purposeful leadership practise that involves collective attention on where, when, and if leadership is required.