A Review Paper on Disaster Management
The term "disaster management" refers to the process of coordinating catastrophe response throughout the nation. Due to its unique geo-climatic characteristics, India has always been susceptible to natural catastrophes. Floods, droughts, cyclones, earthquakes, and landslides would all have been common occurrences. Floods are the most common source of catastrophe in India. Around 60% of the landmass is vulnerable to earthquakes of different magnitudes, over 40 million hectares are vulnerable to floods, cyclones affect 8% of the entire area, and drought affects 68 percent of the continent. Catastrophe management is the study of how resources and information are managed in the event of a disaster, as well as how effectively and seamlessly these resources are coordinated. Individual and organizational disaster management addresses issues including planning, coordination, communication, and risk mitigation. The world has always been a dangerous place, but India's government has just adopted a paradigm shift in disaster management. The new approach is founded on the idea that growth will not be long-term unless disaster mitigation is included in. Mitigation must be interdisciplinary, including all areas of development, according to another pillar of the approach. In this article, a review of catastrophe causes and mitigation, as well as the impact of disaster on human lives and the required measures needed to mitigate the disaster, is presented.