SILVER BASED NANOPARTICLES AS ANTI-MICROBIAL AGENT
Nanotechnology, using atomic-scale substance tailoring, is expected to open up several new facets of the fight against and prevention of diseases. Analysis leading to advancements in genetics, biotechnology, medicine, and healthcare enhances the opportunity to discover the structure and role of nanoscale biosystems. The size of nanomaterials is close to that of most biological molecules and structures, so for both in vivo and in vitro biomedical studies and applications, nanomaterials can be useful. The creation of medical instruments, contrast agents, testing methods, physical therapy systems, and drug delivery vehicles has resulted from the incorporation of nanomaterials with biology. Metallic nanoparticles are the finest among all nanomaterials with antibacterial properties. Nanoparticles, with their large surface-to-volume ratio, improve chemical activity due to crystallographic surface composition. The relevance of the analysis of bactericidal nanomaterials is attributed to the growth of new resistant bacterial strains against the most potent antibiotics. The study into the well-known action of silver ions and silver-based materials, like silver nanoparticles, has been urged. This effect was size and dosage-based and was more pronounced than gram-positive species against gram-negative bacteria. The biosynthesis of nanoparticles is also being investigated due to the strong interest in nanotechnology in biomedical applications and science. In comparison to other chemical and physical strategies, the biological approach to the production of nanomaterials is viewed as more eco-friendly and cost-effective. A comprehensive view of the antimicrobial properties of silver nanoparticles is provided in this study. In our research community, we have also explored the revolutionary view of study on this dimension, which is the topic of continuing examination.