ANCIENT INDIAN PAINTING SECRETS AND MURAL ART METHODOLOGY AT AJANTA
Innovative examinations on Ajanta painted mortars (third – fourth Century A.D) have been endeavored for appropriate conservation methodology and planning of paint ground, distinguishing proof of materials and their rot cycle. Microstructures of layers alongside material design, organization and added substances utilized in the mortar were explored through colorimetry, XRF, FTIR, SEM-EDX, and so forth Molecule size of the dirt mortar investigated by laser dispersing indicated the utilization of high sediment (70 – 75%) and low earth soil, most likely sourced from the gorge of Waghura waterway and utilized for the planning of the mud mortar. Side-effects of endured basaltic stone, for example, celandonite and white zeolites, limited by natural proteic glue were found as filler in mud mortar also. FTIR spectra of paint ground and color layer showed the expansion of natural fastener that has now changed into Calcium oxalate. Likewise, the presence of vegetal issue saw with the FTIR examination, may be because of expansion of parts of cereals, (for example, the rice husk) developed in geological territory. SEM – EDX affirmed the presence of four unique layers. The procedure of painting remained practically indistinguishable in all the caverns with extremely minor variety as for the old Indian composition craftsmanship depicted in Indian old writings. An endeavor to plan mud mortar according to old formula has been featured for the comprehensive reclamation and safeguarding of Ajanta wall paintings (World Heritage Site – WHS).