Environmental Impacts of Slaughter Houses with Special Reference to India: A Review

  • Saleha Jamal , Uzma Ajmal


With the growing annual per capita meat consumption and high meat export, the estimated number of animals slaughtered has increased in India and in the same way; there has been an increase in the number of slaughter houses. Most of the slaughterhouses are creating massive hygienic and environmental complications as they are deprived of sufficient basic facilities like water supply, proper flooring, ventilation, transport etc. In addition to these, slaughter houses also suffer from very low sanitary standards posing major public health and environmental hazards due to the discrete dumping of waste and high contaminated waste discharge. Unauthorized slaughtering has also increased many folds, and thus the related problems like disposal of waste in hazardous manner, pollution of land, air and water, horrible smell and stench etc. which makes lives of those living in immediate vicinity and also those living farther away, deplorable. In the present paper an attempt is made to review the literature focussing on environmental impacts of the slaughter houses. The study concluded that major determinants of environmental problems in the slaughterhouses are the facilities available to them. However, a major research gap has been found in case of India, considering the size of meat production and export as well as total population in the country.